Here is a catch up on some of those men who were decorated previously reported on with more detail from Philippa Grove
Pte.) S (Samuel) Jones DCM (died 10th July 1916)
Pte. Samuel Jones was the son of Mrs. D.C. Jones and the late Mr. Jones, of 9 Plasycoed, Morriston. He served as a stretcher-bearer with the 14th Battalion Welsh Regiment, and died at Mametz Wood on 10th July 1916. He was 25 years old, and had been married 18 months earlier, leaving a wife and young child who lived at Mynydd Garnllwyd. Before the War he had worked as a tinman at the Upper Forest Works.
Shortly after his death, his mother received the following letter from a Pte. W. Haynes of the Welsh Regiment, which was published in the Cambria Daily Leader on 21st August 1916. (It is not known if this was the W. Haynes named on the Morriston Memorial).
…….”Dear Mrs. Jones,
I am writing these few lines to let you know about your son. He was a fine soldier, and brave. He did not fear death a bit. Under heavy fire he was as cool as if he was walking about the streets of England. That was his motto “You first and me after”.
I expect this letter will be the saddest you ever received, but try and brave it out like a true British woman. I know it will be hard, but try. He died a hero. He was respected by all his comrades in the Regiment.
I will now tell you how he received the honour of winning the DCM. The Regiment was in the first line of trenches. About 100 yards separated us from the Germans. Your son was in a bombing gap. There was a patrol out in front of our line, and one of the boys got hit and could not return to the trenches. They said it was murder to attempt to fetch him in. An officer asked who understood first-aid and would volunteer to save a comrade. He said it was sure death, but before the words were out of his mouth, your son said “Sir, I will go”, and over the top he went.
With a crawl and a run he managed to reach him, bandaged him up. The next thing he thought of was getting him back. Clenching his teeth and using his utmost strength, he finally got him back to safety. It was a very daring deed, and he also risked his own life in doing so. There is not a man in the Regiment who does not mourn the death of your son. He earned the VC, which he ought to have got.”
He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.
(Pte.) O. (Oswald) Lawrence MM. (died 1 October 1916)
Pte. Oswald Lawrence was the son of Mr. & Mrs. David Lawrence of 34, Lower Crown Street, Morriston, and brother of Pte. Robert Lawrence. He served with the RWF .
Prior to his enlistment he worked at the Dyffryn Tinworks. He was killed in action on 1 October 1916, aged 21 years, and was posthumously awarded the Military Medal for bravery in the field during the Somme offensive. The presentation was made to his mother at a Public Meeting held in the Tabernacle Schoolroom in March 1917.
(Pte.) H. (Harry) Thomas DCM (died 26th May 1917)
Pte. Harry Thomas lived at 50, Graig Road, Morriston, and served with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers 24th (Denbighshire Yeomanry) Battalion. He enlisted at the beginning of the War and was involved in a considerable amount of active service. He was wounded in France, and later was gassed. Following this he was wounded in the thigh during the fighting in Egypt at the beginning of 1917, and was taken to hospital in Cairo, where he died on 26th May, aged 24 years.
He was buried at the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery.
My great uncles, Richard and William Williams are mentioned above
Thanks for the information David.
One year from today on 18th September 2014 it will be 100 years since the first of the known Morriston fallen in the Great War, Thomas John Thomas was killed in action ,aged 27 . He was a private in the 2nd Welsh Regiment (6100) and has no known grave but he is listed on the La Ferte-Sous-Jouarre Memorial in the Marne area of France. But he is not listed on the Morriston Park Memorial. He was born in Morriston but by 1914 he lived in Blaenrhondda where he was a coal miner haulier.
The Park Memorial lists on its panels 221 names of those who fell in the Great War ( as well as panels for WW2 casualties and one from a more recent conflict, I believe) but not all of those who were born or lived in Morriston ( including Llangyfelach and Clase) and who died in the Great War are commemorated. In public records about the War there are over 35 Morriston men who died but who are not listed on the Park Memorial, Thomas John Thomas being one.
Another contributor to the Morriston Forum, Dursley Hanford, has informed that the Park Memorial was not inaugurated until the 1930s. So depending on how the names of those to be listed were collected, it is possible that, after 10 /15 years, the families of those not listed had either died , were no longer living in Morriston or were not aware of the plans for the memorial .
There are other memorials in Morriston churches and chapels, the one in St David’s Churches in particular, and it may well be that some of these men are listed on those memorials.
No other Morriston men are known to have fallen during the War on 18 September until 1918 when three, Privates Wilfred George Uren, David Williams Thomas and W Harris fell in the same battle - the futile attempt to take the Bulgarian Army fortifications at Dojran Lake in what is now known as Macedonia. The three of them have no known grave and are commemorated on the Doiran Memorial. Only Privates Thomas and Harris are listed on the Park Memorial.
According to records Privates Uren and Harris served with 11th Welsh Regiment and Private Thomas was with the 11th Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Wilfred Uren, 21, had been born in Morriston but had moved away and was a clerk in a Laundry in Port Talbot. David Thomas, 29, lived with his wife Elizabeth at 4 Davies Terrace Pentremalwed. Harris’ first name and age are unknown, but he had lived at 99 Wychtree St with his parents Thomas and Catherine.
99 years ago yesterday on 18 October 1914 another non Morriston Park Memorial listed man who was born in Morriston was killed .
He was Lance Corporal Robert Massey,who was killed in action during the Battle of Bassee in France. He has no known grave but he is commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial to the Missing.
Next Friday 25 October it will be 99 years since the death of the first Memorial Listed soldier, Frederick Wyatt. Wyatt was a Lance Corporal in the Royal Fusiliers (4th) and he too was killed in action, retaking some lost trenches at Neuve Chappelle, during the Battle of Bassee.
He had lived at 19 Avon Terrace on Wychtree Street with his wife Gertrude. His grave is in the Canadian No 2 Cemetery on Vimy Ridge having been transferred there after the War from a more local but temporary grave in Neuve Chappelle.
Only two of the known fallen were killed in action on 11 November. They were William Frederick Harris in 1916 and Leyton Davies in 1917.
Corporal Harris was 27 and in the Rifle Brigade. He has no known grave and is listed on the Thiepval Memorial in the Somme. He lodged in Fisher Street.
Private Davies was in the 6th Welsh Regiment, which was a territorial battalion at the outbreak of the war. He is buried in the White House Cemetery near Ypres. He was only 20 when he died and was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Davies.
...At the going down of the sun and in the morning we will remember them.
There were very few casualties around the Christmas period when hostilities tended to reduce considerably ,particularly in the first year of the War with the well known incident when incredibly both sides met in no man's land for a Christmas Armistice.
But on 21 December 1914 ,Private George Charles Clarke was killed in action defending the Givency trenches in the La Basse area of France.
He had lived in Morriston prior to the War and was serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment and he is buried in Le Touret.
He was the last of the four Morriston men known to have died in 1914.
The first two deaths in 1915 were Privates Archibold James Schofield ( 8th January)and David John Ware( 17th January) of the Welsh 2nd and 6th SWB respectively . Both died from illness or accident while still in English barracks. Schofield was a soldier before the War begun, and is buried in Portsmouth, he was 32. Ware was 29 and lived in the Caemawr area, his parents were John & Jane Ware and he is buried in Bournemouth.
Not all of those who served in the Great War were killed in action or died from their wounds. Many died because of accident or illness. If they did so it was likely that they would not only be buried in the UK but possibly in their home town.
According to Commonwealth Graves Commission records, six men from Morriston who served and died during the war were buried in graveyards in Morriston.
The first of these is Driver Trevor Joseph who died on 17 February 1915; he was buried in Seion Welsh Baptist Chapelyard. He served with the Royal Engineers 20th Signals.
Others buried later in the Chapel yard were Driver Thomas Smith Morgan and Trimmer Thomas John Jones.
Private David Brindley James was buried in Swansea (Morriston) Cemetery;and
Private David Watkin and Private BDR Davies who were buried in Horeb Congregational Chapel yard.
Their headstones would be made from the usual Portland Stone and maintained by the CWGC. I wonder if these graves can still be seen , I guess much has changed in these places over the years since .
I only have photographs of the panels on the Memorial and know the memorial was built in the 1930s.
Does anyone know if the panels include WW2 casualties too or do they just list the WW1 fallen.
Although his Morriston credentials look uncertain Private David Thomas of the
14th Welsh Regiment is the next listed to have died ;probably while still in Swansea as the Swansea Pals were still in training then. He is buried in Cwmgelli Cemetery having died on 27 March 1915.
The Third Battle of Ypres continued to take its toll of Morriston men in October 1917 in the approaches to Passchendaele.
Corporal Charles Henry Davies of the 7th Border Regiment was killed in action on 12 October in the Taube Farm area. It is only known that he was born in Morriston.
On the same day 25 year old Private William John Davies of the 1st Welsh Guards was also killed in action. He was the son of Elias and Mary and had lived in 73 Tirdu Street.
Another 25 year old in the 1st Welsh Guards was killed in action on 13 October.Private William Hutton had lived at 14 Waun Road and was formerly employed at the Dyffryn Steel Works.
All have no known grave having disappeared in to the mud and are listed on the Tyne Cot as well as the Park Memorial.
Not all of those who died during the Great War are buried abroad , as previously mentioned some are buried in Morriston Cemetery or in chapel and church yards.
Philippa has made some observations about those in Seion Chapel for casualties mentioned earlier in this thread.
"Driver Trevor Joseph RE (20th Signal Co.). This is a family grave, in fairly good condition, white marble headstone, black lettering, at the front of the Chapel, on the LH side of the entrance. Trevor was buried with his father David & brother John (who both predeceased him), followed by his mother Ann, who died in 1927. Trevor’s date of death is given as 15th February 1915 on the headstone. (CWGC - 17th)
Trimmer Thomas John Jones (RNR, “HMS Victory”) . Sadly this headstone, at the rear of the Chapel, is in poor condition. Thomas died of pneumonia and is described (in Welsh) as “dear husband of Margaret Ann Jones / who died on 3rd November 1918 aged 39”, and was buried (as far as I can make out) with his daughter Mary (?) who had died in childhood (?) in 1904. The verse beneath is now illegible. The space below was presumably left for Margaret Ann - who re-married after his death.
Driver Thomas Smith Morgan (RASC, 479th Coy.), son of William and Gwenllian Morgan of Penrice Cottage, 17 Pentrepoeth Road, died (also of pneumonia)15th August 1916, aged 20. Sadly I was unable to find any trace of this grave/headstone - but that does not mean to say it is not there. Although the graveyard is very well kept, many older headstones have toppled and are lying face downwards on the ground, whilst others have crumbling, illegible inscriptions, and a few are heavily overgrown with ivy, the removal of which would probably damage the inscription anyway."
So not for these men the CWGC portland stone headstone.
Later this week it will be 99 years since three Morriston Men were killed in action on the same day.
On 26 October 1917 Able Seamen John Thomas Davies,Brinley Mort and Trevor Thomas were serving with the Royal Navy Reserve Division just north of Ypres on the approaches to the village of Passchendaele.
By this point in the battle, the ground was a quagmire of mud and falling into a water filled shell hole would mean certain death from exhaustion and drowning if shells did not hit first.
Davies and Thomas were both in the Anson Battalion and Mort was in the Hood Battalion.
Davies was 24 years old and had lived at 88 Wychtree St with father Samuel.
Twenty year old Mort had lived with his father Daniel in Tawe Lodge Mount Pleasant, and Thomas at 88 Graig Road he was just 20 years old too.
So 26 October 1917 joins 10 July 1916 and 8 August 1915 as exceptionally sad days in Morriston Military History.
Unlike previous years the fighting carried on much later into the year in 1917 because of the Third Battle of Ypres and the Tank Battle at Cambrai.
Private Sidney Thomas, 23, was serving with the 6th Welsh Regiment when he died on 30 October 1917.He is buried in Bard Cottage; and had lived with mother Sarah in Chapel House Pantlasse.
Also serving with the Welsh 6th as a Private was 21 year old Leyton Davies when he was killed in action on 11 November 1917. He is buried in White House St Jean les Ypres. He was the son of Samual & Elizabeth.
Also buried in White House Cemetery is Thomas Bartholomew Beer aged 27 of Maesyglynon Farm. Another Private to be killed in action serving with Welsh 6th. He is not listed on the park Memorial.
Daniel Leyshon Ackroyd , 33, a Private in the Welsh 18th was killed in action during the Tank Battle at Cambrai on 23 November 1917. He had lived at 10 Dyffryn Terrace and was the son of Thomas & Elizabeth.
Corporal William John Edwards 34 of 8 Tircanol was also killed in action at Cambrai while serving with Royal Field Artillery, B 62nd Battery on 30 November . He left a widow Annie and had been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.
Morriston born ,Private Daniel Edward 36 was killed in action while serving with the 25th Royal Welsh Fusiliers in Jerusalem on 30th November 1917 He was the son of John and Jane and is listed on the Jerusalem Memorial.
Only one further casualty is known about in the rest of 1917 which also occurred in the Middle East when 38 old Herbert Bowen died while serving with 7th Gloucester Regiment on 8 December 1917. He is buried in Bagdad Northgate and had lived in Greenfield Street with parents William and Margaret.
Only two of the men listed on the Memorial are known to have fallen on a November 11th.
Corporal William Frederick Harris, killed in action 100 years ago today in 1916, and Private Leyton Davies in 1917.
The Memorial has become a focus for commemoration on Armistice Day and Remembrance Sunday for many years; but the first ceremony was on a 15 November which was a Thursday.
Next Tuesday (15th) this forum will feature an account of what happened at that first ceremony.
A memorial for the Memorial.
But for now "A phan fachluda'r, ac y tyr y mawr e henwau byth a cofir".
At 3 pm on Thursday 15 November 1928, in what was then known as “The New Park, Morriston”, the Morriston War Memorial was unveiled by the Lord Lieutenant of the County of Glamorgan, the Right Hon. The Earl of Plymouth, and dedicated by Rev. Canon Griffith Thomas, Vicar of Llangyfelach.
This was done in the presence of the officials of the Morriston War Memorial Committee including the Chairman- Captain J. Sydney Davies, Hon .Treasurers - Mr T. R Williams (and Rev. Canon Griffith Thomas), Hon. Secretary- Major Philip P. Jones, and other Committee representatives.
The sculptor of the memorial was Mr. Louis Frederick Roslyn who had designed several war memorials around the UK, including a similar one at Port Talbot.
The ceremony began with a Prayer in Welsh and the Morriston United Male Choir, conducted by Mr. Ivor Sims, sang the hymn “The Supreme Sacrifice” . Some scriptures readings were followed by the hymn “O Fryniau Caersalem” , a Prayer in English, and the hymn “Y Delyn Aur”. Music was provided by the Morriston Military Band conducted by Mr J Hanney.
After the unveiling, and an address by the Earl of Plymouth, the Last Post was played (by bugler, Sergeant-Major Z. Hanney), and there was One Minute of Silence before Reveille was called. The Memorial was then dedicated , and the Chairman of the War memorial Committe presented it to the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the County Borough of Swansea - to be “HELD AND MAINTAINED BY THEM IN PERPETUITY”.
The hymn “ Bydd myrdd or ryfeddodau” , led by Rev T. J. Hughes was then sung, before the Mayor of Swansea, Councillor T. J. Richards, accepted the Memorial on behalf of the Corporation of the County Borough of Swansea.
The national anthems were sung - “Hen Wlad fy Nhadau” followed by “God Save the King “- and then grace was pronounced by Rev D A Hughes.
Floral tributes were then invited to be placed at the foot of the Memorial.
By way of connecting the past to the present Philippa, the daughter of Major Jones the Memorial Committee's Secretary, attended the Remembrance Sunday event at the Park Memorial last weekend.
"Last Sunday I had the privilege of being among the large crowd who attended the beautiful and very moving Service of Remembrance held by the Salvation Army at the Morriston Park War Memorial.
It was good to see so many there - people of all ages, each with their own personal reasons for coming, bringing with them their own personal thoughts, personal memories.
Some would have come to honour those named on the panels , those who had died in WWI – relatives known only from faded photographs/postcards/newscuttings/names in the Family Bible, and from stories handed down by families left to grieve.
No-one today can actually remember those who fell, but many of us can well remember those who fought and survived, and returned to tell in later life of the heroism of their lost comrades, and many of us would have known someone who was left to mourn for many years the loss of a dear husband, brother, cousin, friend.
Despite the hope and belief that the Great War would be “the War to end all Wars”, this, as we know, did not turn out to be the case, and the Remembrance Service was a poignant reminder also of those who served (and in many cases died) in WWII and in later conflicts, and of those who still serve today. Many on Sunday had come to pay their respects to these, and though the individual names recorded on the panels are only of those who fell in WWI, the Memorial is a fitting focal point for remembering and paying tribute to them all.
The Memorial itself is very impressive. It stands in a very tranquil and peaceful setting, surrounded by trees and shrubs, far removed in every sense from the muddy trenches, blood-soaked battlefields and hostile seas of WWI.
It is mounted on a grey granite pedestal, with bronze panels on either side, upon which are the names of the fallen in raised letters. On top of the pedestal is a tall, bronze figure of Peace. This figure originally held in the left hand a winged figure of Victory, and in the right hand a sword covered with a branch of laurel signifying Victory gained through sacrifice. Sadly both these have since disappeared, and the figure is now empty-handed.
It took the people of Morriston almost ten years of hard endeavour to raise the money for commissioning the Memorial, and it must have been a very proud moment for all those who, in November 1928, were present at its unveiling. One can only imagine the mixture of emotions felt by each and every one on that occasion.
How pleased they would have been to know that more than 100 years after the outbreak of WWI, the people of Morriston would still be gathering at the Memorial to honour the memory of their fallen heroes."
This thread is one year ahead of the 100th anniversary of events in the Great War so that viewers already have information about those whose anniversary falls in the current year as will now be the case in 2017.
This post begins the events of 1918 up to the end of the war .
Although there was little activity on the Western Front at this time of year ,in warmer climes the first to fall in 1918 was 33 year old Lieutenant Joseph Charles Gladstone Davies who drowned on 6th April in Palestine whist serving with the Royal Field Artillery. He is listed on the Jerusalem Memorial. Before the war he had been a behinder in a sheet mill.
Lewis John Abbott a Private The Kings Liverpool 14th has the distinction of being the first name listed on the Park Memorial. He was 26 years old when killed in action 23 January and was the son of William & Jane of 95 Clyndu St, He is also remembered on the Dorian Memorial.
28 year old Trimmer Robert Rees serving in the Royal Navy on HMT Drumtochty drowned along with all crew on 29 January when the Drumtochty struck a German mine whie performing the Dover Patrol. He is not listed on the park memorial but is included on the Chatham Naval Memorial.
Trimmer Rees is on the Memorial as Marine Rees but is not on the original panels but added as an individual plaque on the side facing the playground. It is not known when he was added.
It had been “all quiet on the western front” for Morriston men during February 1918 and for the first time in over a year no one from Morriston is known to have fallen during the month.
That lull was all about to change.
Firstly there were casualties in Palestine and on the home front.
Moses Williams ,20 ,who was born in Morriston was killed in action while serving as a Private in the Welsh 4th Battalion on the 9th March. He is buried in the Jerusalem War Cemetery and is listed on the Carmel Chapel War Memorial too. The 4th Welsh had been pursuing the Turks in the Jordan Valley in the final stages of the Jerusalem Battle
Benjamin Daniel R Davies , a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Flying Corp died on 11 March . The 24 year old had lived in Rock Terrace and he is buried in Horeb Congregational Chapel Yard and has a memorial stone in Morriston Cemetery.
Another Palestine casualty was William David Gower who died of wounds on 17th March . He was a Private in the 4th Welsh too , A behinder in the tinplate works, he had lived at 7 Bryneithen Terrace and was the son of late John and Mary. He too is buried in the Jerusalem War Cemetery.
On the 21 March the German Spring Offensive begun and it proved to be another day of multiple Morriston casualties
Joseph Daniel Nicholas , a 24 year old Corporal in the 4th Battalion East Lancs Regiment, was killed in action that day as the Germans attacked through the fog at dawn near St Quentin and the battalion was over run with only one officer and 20 men surviving. Joseph was the son of Thomas and Hannah of 78 Wychtree Street. He is listed on the Pozieres Memorial
Elsewhere during the battle Private John Davies was killed in action as the 5th East Lancs fought while withdrawing. He was 36 years old and had lived at CoedSeisson Farm ( Llansamlet) with wife Mary Eizabeth, and was the son of Gwendolin of 34 Sway Road. He is buried in Chauncy Extention.
22 year old Private David John Griffiths was also killed in action serving with the 58th Battalion Machine Gun Corps. He had lived at 99 Glantawe St and was the son of Mr & Mrs John Grifiths. He is listed on the Pozieres Memorial.
As the battle continued on 24th March 33 year old William Morgan Williams was killed in action near the village of St Leger. A Private in the 18th Welsh Regiment he had lived in 56 Wychtree St, , a neighbour of Joseph Daniel above , and the husband of Elizabeth. He has no known grave and is listed on the Arras Memorial
On 25 March 19 year old Private Brynmor Jones of 7th King’s Shropshire Light Infantry was killed in action He too is listed on the Arras Memorial . He was the son of Daniel and Lettuce 124 Woodfield St
The next day David John died of wounds serving with 2nd Royal Welsh Fusiliers.
Also on 26 April, Thomas John Howe, 22 , was killed in action serving with 4th Kings Shropshire Light Infantry . He had lived at 85 Clase Road and was the son of Thomas and Mary Jane. He is listed on the Arras Memorial
The last known casualty in March 1918 was Private Bertie Davies, 23, of 1st Welsh Guards killed in action on 30th. The son of John and Rachel he had lived in 8 Tircanol Row. He is buried in Sunken Row.
After a quiet start to the month, things kicked off in the Ypres sector and three, possibly four, Morriston men fell on the same day.
On 12th of April Privates William Ivor Grey, William Haynes and Griffiths Thomas Lewis all died.
21-year-old Grey was killed in action while serving with 2nd South Lancs with no known grave he listed on the Ploegsteert Memorial; he had lived at 87 Pentremalwedd St and was the son of William & Hannah.
Haynes died with unknown cause aged 35 while serving with 17th Royal Fusiliers. He is buried at Beaulencourt on the Somme and had a sister living at 6 Morfydd St.
Lewis died of wounds serving with 50th Machine Gun Corps, he is not on the Park Memorial, but is listed on the Ploegsteert Memorial.
It is yet to be confirmed, but the D M Thomas on the Park Memorial could be David Morgan Thomas of Tank Corps who also died on the 12th.
29-year-old Thomas Sidney Mainwaring was killed in action 14th April, he was a private in 1st Somerset Light Infantry and is another listed on the Ploegsteert Memorial; and was the son of Daniel and Emma.
On the 18th Private Thomas Henry John was killed in action. The 31-year-old served with 9th Royal Welsh Fusiliers he is listed on Tyne Cot Memorial and had lived at 2 Brynethen, Cwmbath Road with wife Prudence
Another buried in Tyne Cot and killed in action on the 18th was Fred Mitchell ,28, a Private in the 9th Royal Welsh Fusiliers. He had lived on Neath Road.
While serving with the 10th Prince of Wales Own West Yorkshire Private Daniel Williams died of wounds on 21 April. The 18-year-old had lived at 9 Tirpenry St with parents Daniel and Sarah and he is buried in Doullens Community Ext 1 Cemetery near the Somme.
39 year old Lance Sergeant Frederick Richard Quilty was killed in action near Arras on 8 May while serving with the Rifle Brigade Prince Consort’s Own 13th. Husband of Mary Ann he had lived at 6a Bush Road and had previously been mentioned in dispatches. He is listed on the Pozieres Memorial.
Able Seaman David Thomas Davies died from exposure on 9 May serving with Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Division when SS Wileysike , with a cargo of coal, was sunk by torpedo off North Wales. The 26 year old had lived at the Duke Hotel and is buried in St Johns, Clydach.
His death plaque was recently sold online- (http://www.bidorbuy.co.za/item/108406954/Rare_Naval_Death_Plaque_and_war_medal_U_Boat_victim_RNVR_David_Thomas_Davies.html)
Drummer Sidney Rees, 29, of the Irish Regiment died from malaria in a London hospital on 18 May . He had lived on Martin St and was the son of John. He is not listed on the Park Memorial.
33 year old David John Rees ,a Gunner in the Royal Field Artillery 82nd Brigade died 20 May. He was the husband of Elizabeth Ann and had lived at 34 Green St. He is buried in Pernois British Cemetery.
On 23 May Private David Brindley James died while serving at the Welsh Depot. The 27 year old was the son of Rees and Maggie and lived at 10 Clase Road , and is buried in Morriston Cemetery.
The German spring offensive is beginning to run out of steam and the number of fallen reduces considerably in June.
21 Year old Evan Powell a Private in the Welsh Labour Corps 3rd/284th died on 21 June and is buried in Wavens British cemetery and was the son of Thomas and Martha.
Trimmer William Robert Rees of the Royal Naval Reserve Division serving with “HMS Colleen” , a shore based ship in Queenstown Southern Ireland, died on 27 June He had lived at 32 Midland Terrace and was the son of William and Mary Ann . He is buried in Cobn Old Church alongside victims of the Lusitania sinking.
42 year old Private William David Evans of the Labour Corps died on 2 July 1918. He was born in Morriston , the son of David & Margaret , and is buried in Cardiff Western Cemetery
Thomas D Davies was a Private serving in the 13th Welsh Regiment when he died from his wounds on 8 July 1918. He was 35 years old and husband of Edith Maud and is buried Treorchy.
Private A Drury of 4th Yorks and Lancs died on 21 July 1918. He is buried in the Courmas British Cemetery.
23-year-old William Jenkins a Private in the 13th Yorks & Lancs killed in action on 30 July. He was the husband of Bessie who lived at 5 Morfydd St. and is buried in Le Grand Hasard Military Cemetery
Robert Pendrill Thomas killed in action when his boat SS Bayronto was hit by torpedo in the English Channel. He was 30 years old and was a third engineer in the Merchant Navy. He was the son of Robert & Hannah and is listed on the Tower Hill Memorial.
Evans, Davies and Thomas are not listed on the Park Memorial.
Although casualties have been relatively light for a couple of months, all that was about to change as the Great War was about to enter its last 100 days in August with a “final push”, and the Spanish Influenza pandemic was about to take its toll too
August 4th marks the four year anniversary of Britain UK entering the Great War; and the start of what was to be the final 100 days of the war.
Private Hayden Powell John, 19 , was killed in action serving in the Tank Corps 14th on 2/8/1918. He is buried in Vis en Artois and had lived at Rosslyn Cwmrhydyceirw with parents Edward and Mary Elizabeth.
25 year old Howell Harris a Rifleman in the Royal Irish Rifles 11th Regiment died of wounds on 9 August He had lived in Welcome St and was the son of Mr & Mrs S E Harris.
On 20th August David Griffith James died aged 34 , He was a Private in the South Wales Borderers and had lived at 1 Waun Road He is buried in Bagdad Gate Cemetery and was the son of Thomas and Hannah.
Second Lieutenant Sidney Oswald Jenkins was killed in action serving with the 3rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers on 22 August and is listed on the Loos Memorial . The 26 year old had been a student teacher and had lived at 35 Bath Road with parents Thomas & Catherine.
William James Mainwaring, 24, died of wounds on 26 August . A Private in 14th Royal Welsh Fusiliers and husband of Hannah of 77 Graig Road. He is buried in Ovilliers Military Cemetery.
On 27th August another to be killed in action in the second battle of the Somme was 28 year old Private David Morgan Phillips while serving with the 14th Welsh Regiment. He is buried in Delville Wood Cemetery. Prior to the war he had been a plateliner and lived with parents Margaret and Morgan in 36 Clyndu St.
Thank you Anne
Yes the alternative spelling is possible but the CWGC and Soldiers record uses the "Leyton" version , they are not beyond errors!
The Cenotaph at St Helen's is listed in battalion order so if L Davies is listed under the Welsh Regiment 6th it is likely to be him.
I believe there is project going on to provide details of all those on the Cenotaph too, so you may be able to cross reference when it is published.
That is very helpful, thank you. Do you have any idea where I could find out about the Cenotaph project? Thanks.
You could enquire at the West Glamorgan archives in the Swansea Library Anne.
36-year-old Private J Thomas was killed in action on 1 September 1918. He served with the 2nd Royal Welsh Fusiliers and had lived in Dongloyd Cottage Pantlasse and was the son of Thomas and Jane He is buried in Sailly Saillisel Cemetery but is not included on the Park Memorial.
Hayden Powell John reported as falling last month was in fact to fall on 2 September.
Grenville Thomas, 19, died of wounds while serving as a Private in the Machine Gun Corps on 5 September He is buried in Lebuquere Communal Cemetery and was the son of William and Catherine.
Private Ebenezer Williams died of wounds on 7 September serving with Welsh 14th Battalion He is buried in St Sever Extension. He was 31 years old and had lived at 15 Nixon Terrace with parents John and Elizabeth
On 9 September David John Jones died of wounds while serving as a Private with the 6th Welsh Regiment He is buried in Etaples Military.#
Benjamin Edwards of 141 Chemical Road was killed in action on 10th September another serving with the Welsh 14th as a Private. He was the son Mr & Mrs David and is listed on the Vis en Artois Memorial.
Private W Harris, 26, was killed in action during the charge by 11th Welsh on the Bulgarian Army fortifications at Doiran Lake on 18 September He is listed on the Doiran Memorial and was the son John and Catherine.
Another listed on the Doiran Memorial and killed in action during the same charge was David William Thomas a 29-year-old Private in the 11th Royal Welsh Fusiliers. He was the son of Hannah and had been a Grocers Assistant and had lived 4 Davies Terrace Pentremalwed.
A third Morriston man to fall in the same action was Wilfred George Uren aged 22 and a Private in Welsh 11th. Born in Morriston the son of William Edward and Mathilda and he too is listed on the Doiran Memorial.
Daniel Davies, 24, was also killed in action at Dorian but on the 19th September. He was a Corporal in 9th East Lancs 9 and listed on the Dorian Memorial. He had lived at 586 Neath Road and was the son of Helen and the late John
39-year-old Ernest Frederick Booty died on 20 September. A Gunner Labour Corps he is buried in Terlincthun British Cemetery. He had been a bricklayer and had lived with wife Margaret in Midland Terrace
JTD Powell fell on 26th September
The final September death known about was that of William Davies a Private in the King’s Own Liverpool 4th on 29th. He is not listed on the Park Memorial.
There would be now 6 weeks to Armistice Day and another 16 Morriston men are known yet to fall before the war was over.
Thanks for your suggestion to visit the archive office in Swansea. Not possible at the moment as have left Swansea. I have found the information online at roll-of-honour.com and follow links for Glamorgan and Swansea.
October 1918 was to be the last full month of the Great War and would prove to have one of the highest monthly casualty rates with 14 Morriston men known to have fallen. Some of the deaths would have been due to Influenza which was prevalent on the Western Front and home by then.
Gunner William Jones of the Royal Field Artillery 119th Brigade was the first of the 14 on the 1st October, son of Evan and Ann he lived at 10 Aran St.
Another William Jones who was a Private in the 1st Welsh Regiment died on 7th October He is buried in Mikra Cemetery.
J Parsons who lived with his wife Mrs J A at Old Kings Head Inn and is believed to have served with the Welsh Regiment, died on 8th October, age 30.
Morriston born 29-year-old Private John Stuart Lewis who is buried in Oystermouth died on 14th October. He had served with the 7th Welsh Regiment and was the son of Lewis.
William Bernard Williams was a Lieutenant in the 14th Welsh Regiment when he was killed in action on 20th October. The 29-year-old had lived at 51 Martin St and was the son of Henry and Sarah and was employed as a draughtsman in the Steel and Tinplate Works. He is buried in Montay Neuvilly Road Cemetery.
Private Trevor John was 21 years old when he died of wounds on 21st October. He was serving in the 6th Machine Gun Corps and is buried in Mont Huon. He had lived at 16 Tan y lan and was the son of David & Mary
William Roberts was a 28-year-old Private in the 5th Royal Irish Fusilier when he was killed in action on 21st October. He is buried in Highland Le Cateau. The son of John and Sarah Jane he had lived at 9 Chemical Road.
Also buried in Highland Le Cateau is Francis Leo Clancy. The 22-year-old was killed in action on 23rd October while serving as a Private with 2nd Welsh and had lived at 24 The Common Plasma. He was the son of William and Margaret.
A second death on 23rd October was 39-year-old Corporal L Edwards serving with Welsh 6th
Private Sidney Rees of 113 Graig Road also died om 23rd October while serving with 2nd Welsh. He is not listed on the Park Memorial
David Brinley Thomas a Serjeant in the 6th Royal Warwickshire Regiment was killed in action on 24th October the 35-year-old is buried in Crucifix Cemetery and had lived at 33 Pentrepoeth Road with parents John and Catherine
20-year-old William George Parton, a Private in 17th Lancashire Fusiliers was killed in action on 27th October He had lived at 905 Neath Road and was the son of George and Beatrice. He is buried in Vichte Cemetery.
With less than two weeks of the war to go Sidney William Jenkins died on 31st October aged 27. He had been born in Morriston was serving in 820th Mechanical Transport Company of the Army Service Corps.He was the son of John and Elizabeth and is buried in Mikra Cemetery
Three Morriston men are known to have died in the last week of the War.
Thomas John Jones died on 3rd November, while training as a Trimmer on HMS Victory in the Royal Naval Division. He was the husband of Margaret Ann had lived at 8 Temple Terrace and is buried in Seion Chapel.
The next day Private William Davies, died. He was serving with the 14th Welsh Regiment. He is not listed on the Park Memorial. He had lived with wife Esther at 109 Woodfield St.
25-year-old Francis Aubrey Jenkins was the last known Morriston man to be killed in action and he died on 5th November having served with the Royal Field Artillery 75th Brigade C Battery as a Signaller. He had lived at 35 Bath Road, and was a Steelworker, but now is buried in Crossroads Cemetery. He was a relative of Phillip Jones the first Morriston man to be killed in action on the second day of action in Mons on 24 September 1914.
The last known Morriston man to die before the Armistice was Thomas Rees a Driver with Royal Field Artillery a Battery 173rd Brigade on 9 November. He was from 32 Midlands Terrace son of Mary Ann and is buried in Y Farm Military Cemetery in. Prior to the war he had been a part of “Batt and Bill”, a music hall act in Swansea. He died of pneumonia.
That concludes the details of those known to have fallen by the time of the Armistice in 1918.
On the 16th Private David John Evans,35, died in hospital from wounds received when involved in the final actions of the Welsh 14th Regiment before the war ended. He had lived in Llansamlet and was the son of David and Margaret. He is buried in Mont Huon Le Trepot Cemetery.
He would be the first of several who would die because of wounds sustained during the War.
The Commonwealth Graves Commission records were to remain open until August 1921.
Between the end of the War and the listings for the Park Memorial seven years later some families may have left the Morriston area and others may have moved in. The latter may have had relatives who were casualties of the war and were therefore able to get them included on the Morriston Memorial; whilst the former was no longer around, or were aware of the memorial, to be able include their relatives when the call was made by the Memorial Committee and are therefore not listed.
So, 236 men are listed on the Memorial of which the details of 35 are not yet found ,or are uncertain. But 33 have been found who are not listed but who have a familial, military or occupational link to Morriston.
By the time of the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War next year it is hoped that more of those listed, but who have not yet been identified in research, will be confirmed by the records and may be more linked but not listed found.
Hopefully too a way can be found for those Morriston fallen not listed on the Memorial to be suitably honoured, too.
Those who had served during the War continued to die from its effects long after, some even continued to serve and died in service. Among those listed on the Memorial whose deaths occurred after 1918 were:
Driver Thomas Howells died of wounds on 17 February 1919 after serving with 180th Labour Company of the Royal Army Service Corps at 43 years of age. He was the son of John and Lettice of 7 Green Street. He had been a member of the Philadelphia Chapel. He is buried in Mons(Bergen) Communal Cemetery Belgium.
Private T.J Evans (182177) died after the end of the war on 14 August 1920 while serving with the 6th Light Armoured Battery in Iraq. Previously he had been a Private in the 14th Welsh regiment until 16 November 1918. He was the son of William and Jane of 8 Graig Terrace. He is buried in Baghdad North Gate Cemetery.
Stoker (First Class) George Gambold had served on HMS Princess Royal /Columbine before he died on 18 January 1921 at 25 years age. He was the son of James and Anne Maria of Maesygwernen Road, Pantlasse. Prior to enlisting he was employed as an Errand Boy.
This thread begun with ban appeal for information about those listed, whose information had not been found at that time. Since then many have been found but the following 22 have remained elusive.
Please message me if anyone knows who they might be.
H Brazell (not Hadyn)
W T Harris
S Jones ( not Samuel DCM)
T J Lewis
T W Morris
W H Powell
T D Thomas
Some progress has been made with the unfounds including finding some first names so we have
13 H Brazell possibly William died in 1919
81 Harris WT
96 James T
117 Jones S possibly Sephaniah of Clydach
120Joseph G. George
121Joseph J. Possibly Joseph
126 Lewis I. Idwal
143 Morgan D
153 Palmer H. Possibly Hubert
163 Powell E
166 Powell W H
169 Prior C. Charles
186 Ryan T
190 Thomas A. Abraham
206 Thomas DG
205 Thomas W
235 Yaverland F. Frederick
Anyone having more information on any of these names is welcome to contact me.
A Facebook page called “Morriston Remembers “ has been launched for remembrance and sharing about those who fell in all conflicts.
Thanks for the entries you have included about Morriston's heroes. Tiny detail correction about David Morgan Phillips who died in the 2nd Battle of the Somme on 27/8/1918. My great uncle was a sergeant when he was killed & is recorded as such on his gravestone in the Delville Wood Cemetery. We believe he was killed in fighting at Delville Wood, before the push to the Scarpe a few days later. He had fought since 1915, and almost made it through. His sister, May Phillips was haunted about the loss of her brother throughout her life & lived at 36 Clyndu St until her death in the 1980's. More information is held by David's nieces, Gwyneth Armstrong & Jean Davies.
On the embarkation documents, which were listed in Winchester, before the troops left for France in 2015, David Morgan Phillips was recorded as being married, but his address & marital status details had been incorrectly swapped with those of another soldier who had the next sequential service number to his. My mother & I discovered the error about a decade ago, but the department responsible for correcting the record weren't interested in the information!
I have a picture of the grave, if you require proof of his rank?
Thank you David.
I have been working on a compilation for a project in partnership with Friends of Morriston Park and this is what I now have for David Morgan
27 August 1918
14th Welsh Regiment
"Sergeant Phillips (29078) was killed in action at 28 years of age during the advance on Deville Wood in the Somme. He was born in Morriston, the son of Morgan and Margaret, and he had lived at 36 Clyndu Street. He had been employed as a plater at the Upper Fforest and Worcester Works*. He is buried in Delville Wood Cemetery, France"
I have a photograph of him from the newspaper of the time. If there is any more that could be added about him particularly about his life in Morriston which your family would like to be included please e mail me via the Forum.
I have visited Delville Wood at this time of year and it is swathed in bluebells ; more Bluebell Wood than Devil's Wood today.
I take your point about clerical errors in records, the same applied to the Gilchrist brothers of the 14th Welsh Regiment where the next of kin addresses were swapped. I dread to think of the implications when a "Reported Missing or Killed in action" telegram could be sent to the wrong address. Levi Gilchrist's grave record was wrong too some one had mixed up rows H and M in the cemetery records.
* David Morgan is listed also on the Upper Fforest and Worcester Works memorial.
Thank you so much for the speedy reply, Len!
I haven't yet checked that my mother has received snaps of your message mentioning David Morgan Phillips and my message to you! I'll tell her about our correspondence tomorrow & I think she'll be thrilled that her uncle is being mentioned today, as his name had been on the lips of her bereft parents and aunt a decade after his death, when she was a very small toddler. I'm the eldest child of the eldest niece, so I have the honour of sharing his name.
A couple of years ago I made the pilgrimage on behalf of my mum, to leave some flowers and a large, plastic poppy, with a message across time that he won't be forgotten. Mum seemed to think that DMP's letters home in 1916 placed him in the Delville Wood area for the first time. I did a bit of research about where exactly he would have been on 27/8/1918, too, and where the lines were. I believe that they had pushed into the tree stumped, muddy hell hole that remained of the wood on 26th August & the Germans had moved back to a position opposite the NW corner of the wood, by the road that is slightly more elevated and would have been a sensible placement for sniping and machine gun emplacements. Anyone scouting near the edge of the wood, the morning after the push, would have been dreadfully exposed to enemy fire.
I'm hoping to persuade a couple of my relatives to make another journey later this summer, to be there exactly a hundred years on. It would be nice to persuade a couple of my Swansea cousins to be there with me & a nephew who lives in Cheshire, where Mum now lives. He's called Thomas David, and I'm a bit more motivated than other sibling sisters to explain where the David comes from: we're here today, because he gave his tomorrows & I think the very least is that we take time to reflect properly?
I'll be in touch again, after speaking with my mum, to see if she'd like to contribute any info that she & Jean might have. I'm not sure if they have the picture which was in the paper & should be very grateful if you might email a snap of it, please?
Thanks again & best wishes, David Armstrong
In 1918 100 years ago last weekend the Great War entered its last 100 days and several Morriston men were to fall before the Armistice was to be called. 90 years ago today those responsible for building the Park Memorial had just 100 days to get it ready for its inauguration .
Finally it has gone to the printers. In a few weeks a book titled “ Morriston- It did its bit” , authored jointly by myself and Philippa Grove ,will be availlable. It has turned some of the content of this thread ,but with much more about Morriston in the Great War and its Park War Memorial , into a publication for release before the 100th anniversary of the ending of the conflict. It will be published by the Friends of Morriston Park and proceeds from its sale will be used to help fund the work they do in maintaining the Memorial and surroundings. More information about where to purchase the book will follow
Great news, Len. Will you be able to post copies to those who do not live locally? Anne
The publishers of "Morriston It did its bit" the Friends of Morriston Park have decided the book will be on sale following the 90th anniversary of the Memorial's inauguration on 15th November so as not to detract from the Poppy Appeal fundraising for the 100th anniversary of the Armistice.
Information about it will be appearing around Morriston in the coming days as well as details of how to pre-order. The book goes beyond what has appeared in this thread over the past few years and adds historical knowledge of the "town" at the time and how it achieved its Memorial. A fitting conclusion to this thread.
I have added my e mail address to this post so anyone wanting information about pre ordering can contact me via it.